A Fab Lab (Fabrication Laboratory) is a small-scale workshop offering (personal) digital fabrication. The concept was created by Neil Gershenfeld a professor at MIT and the director of MIT’s Center for Bits and Atoms. A Fab Lab is generally equipped with an array of flexible computer controlled tools that cover several different length scales and various materials, with the aim to make “almost anything.”
Fab Lab is the educational outreach component of MIT’s Center for Bits and Atoms (CBA), an extension of its research into digital fabrication and computation. A Fab Lab is a technical prototyping platform for innovation and invention, providing stimulus for local entrepreneurship. A Fab Lab is also a platform for learning and innovation: a place to play, to create, to learn, to mentor, to invent. To be a Fab Lab means connecting to a global community of learners, educators, technologists, researchers, makers and innovators- -a knowledge sharing network of over 1,000 Fab Labs in 97 countries and 24 time zones. Because all Fab Labs share common tools and processes, the program is building a global network, a distributed laboratory for research and invention.
Vision for digital fabrication
Within the next 10-20 years, Digital Fabrication will increasingly transform the nature of global manufacturing, with an increasing influence on many aspects of our everyday lives.
The paradigm shift in manufacturing opens up great opportunities for entirely new ways of production and material development in every country.
Manufacturing will evolve towards a global distribution of digital design and specification files that will form the basis of local production, where customized products will be affordable to an increasing number of consumers.
The combined characteristics and possibilities of Digital Fabrication will generate new business models and new markets for new types of products and services.
Business Case for Digital Fabrication Laboratory
Drivers for all Digital Fabrication
- Increasing design freedom, including feature size
- Independence of economies of scale
- Product customization/ customer input/ personalization
- Reduction in lead times
- Supply chain consolidation and decentralization
- Reduced raw material & hazardous waste
Drivers for Additive Manufacturing
- Part lightweighting
- Geometry/ topography/ thermal optimization
- Build material substitutability
- Reduction in unit costs
- Reduction of process energy consumption
- Additional functionality/ multi-functionality/
- Material gradients
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